Tim Leibert, Karin Wiest, Matthias Schaarwächter
Ministry of Regional Development and Transport Saxony-Anhalt (Germany, Leadpartner); Educational Institute of Industry and Commerce Saxony Anhalt (Germany); South Danubian Regional Development Limited Company (Hungary); South Danubian Regional Resource Centre (Hungary); University for Adult Education Murska Sobota (Slovenia); Institute for Social Development Murska Sobota Slovenia); Innovation Region Styria GmbH (Austria); ZAM Styria GmbH - Regional Contact Office for Women (Austria); Podlaska Regional Development Foundation (Poland); Rzeszow Regional Development Agency, (Poland); B-4 Association (Poland)
European Union (INTERREG IVB)
Realizing a Transnational Strategy against the brain-drain of well-educated young women
Out-migration of young well-educated women from structurally weak rural regions in Europe exacerbates the economic, demographic and social problems of the territories concerned. Age- and sex-selective migration reinforces demographic shrinkage, has negative impacts on the regional image and thins out social networks. Beyond that, negative impacts on the regional economy are conceivable. A skills shortage in particular in female-dominated areas of the labour market and the service sector is likely to become a negative locational factor. Against this backdrop the project WOMEN aimed at developing concrete measures and at evaluating strategies that are useful to counteract the brain-drain of well-educated and skilled young women. The Focus was on the following questions:
WOMEN built on results of the ESPON project SEMIGRA conducted by the IfL. In the framework of WOMEN, the recommendations of the former project should be tested and implemented. Beyond that, a long-term action plan has been developed. Associated with a transnational strategy developed by the project team pilot initiatives were launched in six case study regions. The following measures were addressed:
The investigated regions that are all affected by a brain-drain of well-educated women were: Sachsen-Anhalt (Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany), Dél-Dunántúl (Southern Transdanubia, Hungary), Pomurska statisticna regija (Pomurska statistical region, Slovenia, Steiermark (Federal State of Styria, Austria), Województwo podlaskie (Podlaskie voivodeship, Poland), Województwo podkarpackie (Podkarpackie voivodeship, Poland).
Leibert, Tim (2014): Frauenerwerbstätigkeit in Deutschland und Europa. In: Nationalatlas aktuell 2014, 1, http://aktuell.nationalatlas.de/frauenerwerbstaetigkeit-1_01-2014-0-html/
Wiest, Karin / Rauhut, Daniel (2014): Rural development, female mobility and the provision of SGI – a target group oriented approach. In: ESPON (eds.): Second ESPON 2013 Scientific Report, Luxembourg, 61-67.
Wiest, Karin / Leibert, Tim (2013): Wanderungsmuster junger Frauen im ländlichen Sachsen-Anhalt: Implikationen für zielgruppenorientierte Regionalentwicklungsstrategien In: Raumforschung und Raumordnung, 71 (2013) 6: 455-469