Frederick August III, the last King of Saxony, traveld to northeast Africa from late February to early April 1911. He was accompanied by up to 13 members of his court, as well as scientists and artists, such as the painter Wilhelm Kuhnert. The illustrious company traveled on the fast steamer "Großer Kurfürst" from Genoa to Suez, through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to Port Sudan. They continued on land route and on the White Nile with a smaller steamer. The trip was for education (visiting the famous archaeological sites in Egypt, e.g. Abu Simbel, Philae Island, Thebes, Luxor, Karnak) and hunting (antelopes, buffaloes, hippos, giraffes, etc.). The hunting expedition started in Khartoum and went to Southern Sudan, where the southernmost point was reached at the Giraffe River (Bahr el Zeraf).
In the Archive for Geography there are seven magnificent albums bound in leather with 700 photographs. Most of them were taken by the king himself and are an interesting example of a noble educational and hunting trip in the age of imperialism. The images show several motives, scenes on board the ships, the traveling party, hunting scenes, tourist and archaeological sites, but also ethnologically interesting details of the Shilluk, the Dinka and other peoples on the Nile.